ARC 321 Building Technology 4: Materials and Methods Ii
Two-module course on the following topics:
Module 1: Introduces ecological and technological issues relating to sustainable design of small and intermediate scale buildings. This includes environmental issues of human thermal comfort, climate, climate responsive design and micro-climate analysis. Daylight, natural ventilation, wall construction, acoustics, and small scale building mechanical systems are all discussed. All topics are presented in the context of environmentally responsive design and their integration into building design. Class contents and information are consistent with the Architecture Registration Exam.
Module 2: The study and design of one, two and three-way structural systems; tributary areas and the computational analysis of beams.
1. Understanding climate and climate responsive building design.
2. Ability to design appropriate wall assemblies for a particular climate.
3. Awareness of small scale mechanical systems for buildings.
4. Understanding of natural ventilation and its integration into building design.
5. Awareness of basic acoustical issues in buildings.
6. Ability to build and test a down draft evaporative cool tower.
1. Understanding of the interrelationships of structural systems, elements and connections.
2. Ability to design a simple abstract one, two or three-way structural system.
3. Understanding of structural tributary areas and the ability to generate load diagrams for beams.
4. Ability to determine loads/reactions, shear diagrams and moment diagrams for beams and cantilevers.
Course Structure & Topics
Lectures will present the principles and methods of each topic which then will be understood through the process of testing and understanding in the laboratory. Lab sessions may be used for a wide variety of activities: studio-type exercises or reviews, model testing, field trips, discussions, or lectures. This module will introduce theories and concepts of heat balance between the human body and its surrounding environment including human physiology and thermal comfort conditions, climate and micro-climate including bio-climatic evaluation, Building thermodynamics, ventilation, and mechanical systems. Design criteria and integration of all major active and passive building systems are discussed. The module will also introduce basic theories of acoustics including sound absorption, noise control and sound isolation.
Lectures will present the principles and concepts of structural behavior, tributary areas, the analysis and diagramming of simple beams and the critical review of the laboratory projects. Laboratory sessions will be used for the critique and development of empirical laboratory projects and the collective testing of physical models. The laboratory project requires students to explore structural behavior through the iterative development of an abstract structural design.
Students must complete all projects, homework assignments, quizzes and examinations as defined in this syllabus.