School of Landscape Architecture & Planning Research

Our faculty conduct a wide array of transformative research related to development, planning, design and the built environments.

View select publications, presentations and research stories:

Select Faculty Publications

View faculty publications by year:

Kirk Dimond. January 1, 2021. "A Pattern Language for Solar Photovoltaics." Landscape Journal 39 (1), 21-37.

Nicole Iroz-Elardo and Kristina Currans. (2021). "Injury burden of introducing e-scooters: A systematic review of e-scooter injury studies using emergency department record review, 2015-2019". Transportation Research Record. doi: 10.1177/03611981211032216

Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Arlie Adkins and M. Ingram (2021). "Measuring Perceptions of Social Environments for Walking: a Scoping Review of Walkability Surveys". Health & Place. 67:102468. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102468

Ladd Keith, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Austof, E., Sami, I. and Arora, M. (In Press). "Extreme Heat at Outdoor COVID-19 Vaccination Sites". Journal of Climate Change & Health (in press).

Shujuan Li and Bo Yang. "How important are the park size and shape to a park system's performance? An exploration with big data in Tucson, Arizona, USA." Socio-Ecological Practice Research (2021).

Gary Pivo, Equity and Sustainability Assessment of Tucson’s Government Property Lease Excise Tax (GPLET) Program, A Report for the Tucson Office of Economic Initiatives, February 12, 2021.

Berger, L., AD Henry and Gary Pivo, "Role of city collaboration networks in the acceleration and attenuation of Integrated Water Management." Water Policy. Accepted and forthcoming.

Landgrave-Serrano, M., Philip Stoker, Crisman, J. (2021). “Punctual Urbanisms: Rapid Planning Responses to Urban Problems.”  Journal of Planning Literature. In Press.  

Bierbrauer, A., Brachna, J., Stefani, K., Piro, R., Philip Stoker. (2021) “Survey of Water Planning in Colorado Final Report”. Prepared for the Colorado Department of Natural Resources.

Ming Chen, Jincheng Bail, Shenwei Zhu, Bo Yang and Fei Dai. "The influence of neighborhood-level urban morphology on PM2.5 variation based on random forest regression." Atmospheric Pollution Research 12 (2021).

Garfin, G., Falk, D., O’Connor, C., Jacobs, K., Sagarin, R., Haverland, A., Haworth, A., Baglee, A. Weiss, J., Overpeck, J., Adriana Zuniga-Teran(2021). "A new mission: mainstreaming climate adaptation in the US Department of Defense." Climate Services. Vol. 22.

Gerlak, A.K., Elder, A., Sanderford, A., Adriana Zuniga-Teran., Pavao-Zuckerman, M. (2021). "Agency and Governance in Green Infrastructure Policy Adoption and Change."  Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1523908X.2021.1910018

Gerlak, A.K., Elder, A., Thomure, T., Shipek, C., Adriana Zuniga-Teran., Pavao-Zuckerman, M., Gupta, N., Mastler, M., Berger, L., Henry, A.D., Bo Yang, Murrieta-Saldivar, J., Meixner, T. (2021). Green infrastructure: Lessons in governance and collaboration from Tucson. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 63, issue 3. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00139157.2021.1898894

Makarewicz, C., P. Dantzler, P. & Arlie Adkins. 2020. Another Look at Location Affordability: Understanding the Detailed Effects of Income and Urban Form on Housing and Transportation Expenditures. Housing Policy Debate, 1-23. 

Jonathan Bean, Kristina Currans & Nicole Iroz-Elardo. (2020). "Unmasking invisibility". Interactions. 27(3): 22-23.

Courtney Crosson, Andrea Achilli, Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Elizabeth A. Mack, Tamee Albrecht, Padmendra Shrestha, Dominic L. Boccelli, Tzahi Y. Cath, Glen T. Daigger, Jennifer Duan, Kevin E. Lansey, Thomas Meixner, Stephanie Pincetl and Christopher A. Scott. "Net Zero Urban Water from Concept to Applications: Integrating Natural, Built, and Social Systems for Responsive and Adaptive Solutions." Environmental Science and Technology Water (2020).

Kristina Currans, G. Abou-Zeid, K.J. Clifton, A. Howell & R. Schneider. 2020. Improving Transportation Impact Analyses for Affordable Housing Developments: A Data Collection and Analysis of Trip Generation Data. Cities. Vol. 103.

Susannah Dickinson, Jonathan Bean & Aletheia Ida. Critical Practices in Architecture: The Unexamined. 2020 (Cambridge Scholars).

Nicole Iroz-Elardo, J. Schoner, E. Fox, A. Brookes & L.D. Frank (2020). "Active Travel and Social Justice: Addressing Disparities and Promoting Health Equity through a Novel Approach to Regional Transportation Planning." Social Science & Medicine. 261: 113211.

Lauri Macmillan Johnson & Kirk Dimond. "BACKFLIP - Papago Park City Boundary, Arizona," topos. March 2020.

Ladd Keith, Meerow, S. & Wagner, T. (2020). "Planning for extreme heat: a review." Journal of Extreme Events, Vol. 6, Nos. 3&4, 2050003.

Austhof, E., V. Berisha, B. McMahan, G. Owen, Ladd Keith, M. Roach & H. Brown. 2020. "Participation and Engagement of Public Health Stakeholders in Climate and Health Adaptation,"Atmosphere. (March).

Arthur C. Nelson & Robert Hibberd. 2019 (finalized for distribution in 2020). The Link between Transit Station Proximity and Real Estate Rents, Jobs, People and Housing with Transit and Land Use Planning Implications. Portland, OR: National Institute of Transportation and Communities, Portland State University.

Daniel Parolek with Arthur C. Nelson. 2020. Missing Middle Housing: Thinking Big and Building Small to Respond to Today’s Housing Crisis. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Deakin, Elizabeth, Arthur C. Nelson, Kristina Currans, D. Lee & J. Renne. The Transportation and Land Development Committee TRB Centennial Paper. Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies. Invited paper. (2020).

Arthur C. Nelson. "The Little Train That Did: Commercial Real Estate Rents and Proximity to Tucson's Sun Link Modern Streetcar with Lessons for Future Expansions," TREND Report. April 2020.

Arthur C. Nelson. 2020. The Great Senior Short-Sale or Why Policy Inertia Will Short Change Millions of America's Seniors. Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy, 4: 470-5245.

Arthur C. Nelson & Robert Hibberd. 2020. The Influence of Rail Transit on Development Patterns in the Mountain Mega-Region with a Surprise and Implications for Rail Transit and Land Use Planning. Transportation Research Record.

Gary PivoA.D. Henry & L. Berger. "Essential elements at play in local environmental policy change: A guide for the perplexed,Environmental Science and Policy. April 2020.

Berger, L., Henry, A. D. & Gary Pivo. (2020). "Integrated water management recommendations in practice: coexistence of old and new ways in Arizona." Water Policy.

Kontokosta C.E., F. Franz, Gary Pivo, J. Sagi, Y. Lai & S. Papadopoulos. 2019. "Estimating Office and Residential Building Energy Retrofit Hurdle Rates and Risk Arbitrage in Energy Efficiency Investments, Real Estate Research Institute Working Paper." RERI-LBNL Research Grant. 

An, X. & Gary Pivo. (2020). "Green buildings in commercial mortgage‐backed securities: the effects of LEED and energy star certification on default risk and loan terms." Real Estate Economics, 48(1), 7-42.

Bell, E., AD Henry and Gary Pivo, "Assessing Sectoral Heterogeneity and Leadership in Urban Water Management." Water Policy 22(5), 867-886. 2020.

Philip Stoker & Adriana Zuniga-Teran. "Urban water security: a comparative study of cities in the arid Americas," Environment and Urbanization. 2020. With R. E. Diaz-Caravantes, F. Martin, M. Bernabeu and C. Scott.

Philip Stoker. "Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)," chapter in Basic Quantitative Research Methods for Urban Planners. 2020 (Routledge).

Bo Yang. 2020. Landscape Performance Evaluation for Socio-Ecological Practice: Current Status and Prospects. Socio-Ecological Practice Research, 2, 91–104.

Díaz-Caravantes, R. E., Adriana Zuniga-Teran, F. Martín, M. Bernabeu, Philip Stoker & C. Scott. 2020. Urban water security: a comparative study of cities in the arid Americas. Environment and Urbanization, 32(1), 275-294.

Lutz-Ley, A.N., Scott, C.A., Wilder, M., Ocampo-Melgar, A., Lara-Valencia, F., Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Buechler, S., Diaz-Caravantes, R., Varady, R., Ribeiro Neto, A., Pineda Pablos, N. & Martin, F. (2020). Dialogic science-policy networks for water security governance in the arid Americas. Environmental Development Special issue organized by the Inter American Institute for Global Change Research.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Mussetta, P., Lutz-Ley, A.N., Diaz-Caravantes, R.E. & Gerlak, A.K. (2020). Analyzing water policy impacts on vulnerability: Cases across the rural-urban continuum in the arid Americas. Environmental Development. Special issue organized by the Inter American Institute for Global Change Research.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Gerlak, A.K., Mayer, B., Evans, T.P. & Lansey, K.E. (2020). “A multidimensional assessment of urban resilience from green infrastructure systems.” Submitted for inclusion in the Special Issue of Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability – Resilience and Complexity: Frameworks and Models to Capture Social-Ecological Interactions, edited by Christopher Scott, and François-Michel Le Tourneau. Vol. 4. Pp. 42-47.

Gerlak, A.K. & Adriana Zuniga-Teran. (2020). Addressing injustice in green infrastructure through socio-ecological practice: What is the role of university-community partnerships? Socio-Ecological Practice Research, 2: 149-159.

Varady, R.G., Gerlak, A.K., Mayer, B.M., Albrecht, T., Lemos, M.C., Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Wilder, M.O., Mukherjee, A. & Ernst, K.C. (2020). The exigencies of transboundary water security: Insights on community resilience. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 44. Pp.74-84. Special Issue: Resilience and Complexity: Frameworks and Models to Capture Social-Ecological Interactions.

Wilder, M., Varady, R.G., Gerlak, A.K., Mumme, S., Flessa, K., Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Scott, C., Pineda Pablos, N. & Megdal, S. (2020). Hydrodiplomacy and adaptive governance at the U.S.-Mexico border: 75 years of tradition innovation in transboundary water management. Environmental Science and Policy, 112: 189-202.

Blanchon, D., Keck, F., Tonnelat, S., Le Tourneau, F-M. & Adriana Zuniga-Teran. (2020). Sentinel Territories: A new concept to look at environmental change. Metropolitics.

Arlie Adkins, G. Barillas-Longoria, D. Nevarez Martinez & M. Ingram. 2019. “Differences in social and physical dimensions of perceived walkability in Mexican American and non-Hispanic white walking environments in Tucson, Arizona.” Journal of Transport and Health, 14, 100585.

Kristina Currans & Arthur C. Nelson. 2019. A Framework to Operationalize a Deep and Vast Literature for Practice: Translating Land Value Uplift Literature to Estimate Economic Impacts of Multimodal Transportation System Projects. Transportation Research Record, 2673(8), 62–72.

Clifton, K.J. & Kristina Currans. 2019. Multimodal Trip Generation, Vehicle Ownership and Use: Characterizing the Travel Patterns of Residents of Multifamily Housing. Prepared for the National Institute of Transportation and Communities. (Available online at: https://nitc.trec.pdx.edu/research/project/878).

Chapman, J., Whitfield, K., Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Henley, C., Alfonsin, N., Hagerman & L. Frank, L. (2019). Integrating Health and Transportation in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Transportation Association of Canada.

Frank, L.D, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, A. Hong & K. MacLeod. 2019. Pathways from built environment to health: Connecting behavior and exposure based impacts. Journal of Transport and Health. 12:319-335.

Christensen, K., S. Chen & Shujuan Li. 2019. A Comparison of park access with park need for children: Case study in Cache County, Utah. Landscape and Urban Planning. 187:119-128.

Li, E., J. Endter-Wada & Shujuan Li. 2019. Dynamics of Utah’s agricultural landscapes in response to urbanization: a comparison between irrigated and non-irrigated agricultural lands. Applied Geography. 105: 58-72.

Arthur C. Nelson & R. Hibberd. 2019. Express Busways and Economic Development: Case Study of the Miami-Dade South Express Busway. Research in Transportation Economics Transportation 77.

Arthur C. Nelson & R. Hibberd. 2019. Streetcars and Real Estate Rents with Implications for Transit Planning. Transportation Research Record, 2673(10), 714–725.

Kontokosta C.E., F. Franz, Gary Pivo, J. Sagi, Y. Lai & S. Papadopoulos. 2019. Estimating Office and Residential Building Energy Retrofit Hurdle Rates and Risk Arbitrage in Energy Efficiency Investments, Real Estate Research Institute Working Paper – RERI-LBNL Research Grant. 

Philip Stoker, H. Chang, E. Wentz, B. Crow-Miller, G. Jehle & M. Bonnette. 2019. Building water-efficient cities: A comparative analysis of how the built environment influences water use in four wester US cities. Journal of the American Planning Association. 1-14. 

Philip Stoker, S. Hinners, D. Jackson-Smith & Z. Levine. 2019. Neighborhood Effects on Urban Water Use. Sustainable Water Resources Management.

Bo Yang & Young, R. (Eds.). 2019. Ecological Wisdom: Theory and Practice. The Springer EcoWISE (Ecological wisdom inspired science and engineering) book series. United Kingdom: Springer-Nature.

Canfield, J., Bo Yang & Whitlow, H. 2019. Evaluating Landscape Performance: A Guidebook for Metrics and Methods Selection. Washington, D.C.: Landscape Architecture Foundation.

Bo Yang & Shujuan Li. 2019. Blending project goals and performance goals in ecological planning: Ian McHarg’s contributions to landscape performance evaluation. Socio-Ecological Practice Research, 1, 209-225. Special Issue Design With Nature at 50: retrospect and prospect.

Cheng, M. Dai, F., Bo Yang & S.W. Zhu. 2019. Assessing the effects of urban green infrastructure morphological pattern on PM2.5 in the neighborhoods of five Chinese megacities. Building and Environment, 158, 1-15.

Cheng, M. Dai, F., Bo Yang & S.W. Zhu. 2019. Evaluating the effects of neighborhood green space on PM2.5 mitigation: Evidence from five megacities in China. Building and Environment, 156, 33-45.

Flint, C., D. Jackson-Smith, Bo Yang & T. Dean. 2019. Transdisciplinary Socio-Scientific Practice: Lessons Learned from Social and Engineering Water Science. Socio-Ecological Practice Research, 1(1), 55-66.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Philip Stoker, R.H. Gimblett, B.J. Orr, S.E. Marsh, D.P. Guertin & N.V. Chalfoun. 2019. Exploring the influence of neighborhood walkability on the frequency of use of greenspace. Landscape and Urban Planning, 190. 103609.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran & C. Staddon. 2019. Chapter 13: Tucson, Arizona – A story of “water resilience” through diversifying water sources, demand management, and ecosystem restoration. In Resilient Water Services and Systems: The Foundations of Well-Being, P. Juuti, H. Mattile, R. Rajala, K. Schwartz, and C. Staddon, (eds.). IWA Publishing.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran. 2019. “Walkable Neighborhoods.” In Chapter 15 – Urban ecology and modern life. In Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works by D. Schmidtz and D.C. Shahar (eds.). Third Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran. 2019. “Urban ecology.” In Chapter 15 – Urban ecology and modern life. In Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works by D. Schmidtz and D.C. Shahar (eds.). Third Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran, C. Staddon, L. De Vito, A.K. Gerlak, S. Ward, Y. Schoeman, A. Hart & G. Booth. 2019. Challenges for mainstreaming green infrastructure in built environment professions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran & A.K. Gerlak. 2019. A multidisciplinary approach to analyzing questions of justice issues in urban greenspace. Sustainability, 11, 3055.

Ward, S., Staddon, C., L. De Vito, Adriana Zuniga-Teran, A.K. Gerlak, Y. Schoeman, A. Hart & G. Booth. 2019. Embedding social inclusiveness and appropriateness in engineering assessment of green infrastructure to enhance urban resilience. Urban Water Journal.


Select Faculty Presentations

View faculty presentations by year:

Gary Pivo, "Equity and Sustainability Assessment of Tucson’s Government Property Lease Excise Tax (GPLET) Program," Presentation to Tucson City Council, February 22, 2021.

Gary Pivo, "Gentrification." Presentation for the League of Women Voters for Symposium on Gentrification: What Is It? And Who Is At The Table? January 16, 2021.

Esther M. Sternberg, Altaf Engineer, Bo Yang, Li, S., Co-Is: Young-Jun Son, Y.J., & Philip Stoker (2021, March). DASH-SAFE: A Multi-Modal Geographic Information System (GIS) Dashboard for Near Real-time Mapping of Perceived COVID Risk/Safety in a Campus Environment. Poster (virtual), 2021 Integrative Medicine & Health Symposium, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran. 2021. “Equity in green infrastructure: Community engagement in Tucson and Ambos Nogales.” Presented virtually during the Climate Pilot Project Symposium Crossing Latinidades organized by the University of Illinois, Chicago. Funded by the Andrew Mellon Foundation. April 9, 2021.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran and Gerlak, A. 2021. “Diseño urbano sustentable: Justicia en los espacios verdes urbanos.” Presented virtually by A. Zuniga-Teran as a Keynote Speaker for the Seminario Permanente de Posgrado en Ciencias y Artes para el Diseño. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. March 3, 2021.

Arlie Adkins, Ingram, M., & Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Sonmez, E. (2020). Workshop: QPED Toolkit – Qualitative Pedestrian Environments Data for better, more equitable transportation decision-making. 2020 Active Living Conference, February 2-5, 2020.

Kristina Currans, Abou-Zeid, G., & Nicole Iroz-Elardo. Linking Residential Parking to Automobile Transportation Impact Outcomes at a Development Level. 2020 Transportation Review Board Meeting. Washington, DC. 2020.

Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Arlie Adkins, & M. Ingram. (2020). Measuring Perceptions of Social Environments for Walking: a Systematic Review of Walkability Surveys. Poster at 2020 Transportation Review Board Meeting. Washington, DC.

Nicole Iroz-Elardo & Ladd Keith. (2020). Heat and healthy habits: supporting physical activity in an era of increased extreme heat risk. Poster at 2020 Active Living Conference, February 2-5, 2020.

Ladd Keith, Hondula D., Jones H., Meerow S. and Turney, V. Kelly, Workshop Organizers: Advancing the Theory and Practice of Urban Heat Resilience. October 19-20, 2020.

Elizabeth Deakin, Arthur C. Nelson, Kristina Currans, David Lee and John Renne. 2020. Transportation and Land Use. Centennial Papers. Transportation Research Board.

Arthur C. Nelson. Keynote, Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute. 2020. "You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet: Transforming the Built Environment Through Its Nonresidential Spaces."

Arthur C. Nelson. Special Lecture, Urban Fellows, Georgia State University School of Law. 2020. "The Great Senior Short-Sale."

Arthur C. Nelson. Congress for the New Urbanism. 2020. "Missing Middle Housing."

Arthur C. Nelson. Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute. 2020. "Financing Resilient City Growth”.

Arthur C. Nelson. Transportation Research Board. 2020. "The Influence of Rail Transit on Development Patterns in the Mountain Mega-Region with Implications for Rail Transit and Land Use Planning."

Arthur C. Nelson. Transportation Research Board. 2020. “The Link between Transit Station Proximity and Mode Choice to Work, Working at Home, Vehicle Ownership, and Transportation Costs with Implications for Transit and Land Use Planning Implications."

Arthur C. Nelson. Transportation Research Board. 2020. "The (Overlooked) Link between Express Bus Stations and Commercial Rents with Implications for Transit and Land Use Planning". 

Clare Robinson and Arlie Adkins"The Green Book in Arizona: Intersecting urban history, heritage, and planning." EAAE-ARCC International Conference, Valencia, Spain, November 11-14, 2020.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran. 2020. “State of the Cienega Watershed.” Presented at the Cienega Watershed Partnership Workshop, via Zoom. September 18.

Adriana Zuniga-Teran, Murrieta, J., Garcia-Perez, H., Buechler, St. Lara-Valencia, F. Spickard, G. 2020. “Second Planning Workshop: Raingardens for my School”. This workshop was the conclusion of the project titled “Developing an outreach model for green infrastructure to address flooding and sewage spills in Ambos Nogales,” funded by the Arizona-Sonora Inter-University Alliance. September 24.


Our Research Stories

View our latest research stories and profiles:

Aerial view of beach

CAPLA Research Scientist Adriana Zuniga Provides Insight on Climate Change for WalletHub’s ‘Best Beach Towns to Live In’

Adriana Zuniga, CAPLA and Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy assistant research scientist, notes how coastal communities may be severely impacted by climate change in the near future.

The Spaces That Exist Between Private Properties: Bill Mackey, Lecturer in Architecture

“Everything I do as an artist and architect comes into my teaching methodology. I try to think about problems creatively and research them through a multitude of lenses. I expect the same of my students.”

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument.

A Deeper Appreciation for Context: Gina Chorover, Lecturer in Planning and Landscape Architecture

“What I love most is bringing the history of a place to the surface for people to see. When people understand the larger context of a building, site or city, they have a deeper appreciation for it.”

House for Sale sign

Q&A with Real Estate Development Professor Gary Pivo: Should You Buy or Sell a House During the Pandemic?

Professor of Real Estate Development and Urban Planning Gary Pivo discusses COVID-19's impact on the housing market and what it could mean for prospective home buyers or sellers.

Blurred person with hot sun

Extreme Heat and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Global Heat Health Information Network Launches Comprehensive Online Resource

CAPLA Assistant Professor of Planning and Sustainable Built Environments Ladd Keith contributes urban planning and local governance information to resource that focuses on managing the health risks of extreme heat during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tucson Sun Link Modern Streetcar

Planning Professor Arthur C. Nelson Shares Analysis and Lessons from Development around Tucson’s Sun Link Modern Streetcar

Professor of Planning and Urban Design Arthur C. Nelson teamed with doctoral student Robert Hibberd and MRED and MS Urban Planning students to conduct research highlighted recently in TREND Report.

Helen Erickson

CAPLA Heritage Conservation Project Director Guides Urban Planning Graduates and Neighbors in Creating a Cultural Asset App for Tucson

Each year Helen Erickson brings together graduate students in her preservation planning course with neighborhood residents on a project designed to benefit the community. This year they created the Tucson Community Treasures app.

Chris Nelson speaks from behind a podium in the Sundt Gallery

Planning Professor’s Efforts on Leaving a Legacy Showcased by the APA Foundation

Arthur C. Nelson, professor of planning and real estate development, is featured in the American Planning Association Foundation’s 2019 Year in Review for his work on two endeavors: FutureShape and scholarship endowments.

Samuel Jensen Selected as NITC Student of the Year

This prestigious annual award goes to just one graduate student among the six National Institutes of Transportation and Communities member universities.

2019 Transportation Research

The University of Arizona is part of the National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC), one of five National University Transportation Centers funded by the United States Department of Transportation. NITC is a network transportation researchers and educators from Portland State University, University of Utah, University of Oregon, Oregon Institute of Technology, and University of Texas Arlington.

CAPLA Faculty Make an Impact at TENWEST

Tucson’s TENWEST Impact Festival featured speakers, exhibitors, and entertainers from the Tucson community and beyond.